There is no surprise that Switzerland take recycling very seriously, often being at the top of the recycling charts. Largely driven by financial incentive, recycling is free but to throw out normal household rubbish there is a cost, over the month and year this can add up.
Recycling Around the World
The management of waste in New Zealand has become more regulated to help reduce any damage to the environment, in the past waste was taken to a dump but there was no control to where these dumps were, there used to be an estimated 327 in 1995 reducing to around 100 now. The problems with the unregulated dumps was that they used to be near waterways which toxins could seep into and cause damage.
Waste management in Oman is a challenge due to the limted land, it produces around 1.7 million tonnes per year and most solid waste is sent to official and unofficial dumpsites for disposal, and some of these are near waterways and residential aras. The future looks bright though with the country due to open 13 sanitary landfills and 36 energy recovery facilities.
The rates of recycling in Poland have risen from 5% in 2004 to around 21%, even though this is still below the EU average of 40%. The waste management has changed since the 1990's, local authorities had no obligation to run any programme, instead this lay with the householders, residents had to arrange a contract with a company of their choice and when money was tight people went for the cheaper option.
Qatar is one of the fastest growing economies in the world mainly due to the natural oil resources, with an ever increasing population the 3 landfills in Qatar will be filling up rapidly. One reason for this is the country's recycing rate is at a low 8%, to combat this, a recycling centre has been created, but reluctance and funding could cause issues.
Around 63% of the population of Romania have access to a waste collection service with almost 6 million tonnes of waste collected and treated every year, despite this recycling rates are very low with some parts of the country no waste is recycled at all, to help with this a national target has been set to bring the recycling levels up to 50% by 2020.